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they're doing a heroic job to prevent something worse from happening. so far, as with three mile island, this is a five out of seven where chernobyl was a seven. >> got to go patrick. thanks very much. appreciate you coming here, anna and patrick, obviously this is not all we have to say about this discussion. cnn newsroom continues with brooke baldwin. libya is on high alert. rebel fighters appear to be out numbered and out gunned despite the government's call for a cease-fire. we heard from president obama from the east room of the white house essentially saying the u.s. will help lead the international enforcement of a no-fly zone over libya. he also took some time there outlining what american forces will not be doing. >> the united states is not going to deploy ground troops into libya and we are not going the use force to go beyond a well-defined goal.
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>> in moments i'll be speaking live with nic robertson in libya and wolf blitzer about who makes the next move here. that's in just a moment. we're also learning here as we're staying on top of the story in japan, we're learning trace amounts of radiation have reached the united states' west coast, all the way from this fukushima daiichi power plant in japan. so i'll be speaking with the mayor of los angeles shortly. and we'll find out what the new danger rating is right around fukushima, where that power plant is still out of control here. it's been one week to the day after the earthquake and tsunami hit. looked at this video here, video that was flagged for us, showing some of the new views we're getting from the powerful tsunami shared by a driver who narrowly escaped when his four wheels left the road and floated away. we'll play a lot more of that video. i want to begin with libya. it's been a busy, busy and dangerous 24 hours in libya. libyan leaders claim they're
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observing a cease-fire, but witnesses on the ground tell cnn attacks are increasing. that's prompting calls from united states for libya to end the violence. here is the map. libya's cease-fire announcement came hours after the united nations security council imposed a no-fly zone over libya. that essentially clears the way for military action. countries like france, britain, spain are all discussing what options they have if moammar gadhafi does not stop these violent attacks. also a senior diplomatic source tells cnn two arab nations here, qatar and united arab emirates will support that international effort against moammar gadhafi. world leaders will gather at a un suchl mitt in paris tomorrow, we learned this from president obama speaking at the white house as libya moves to the front burner of all international affairs. i want to go straight to the ground to nic robertson in the capital city of tripoli.
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you're in tripoli, but about 120 miles from you is the town of misrata and we're hearing reports of violence, that misrata is on fire. what are you hearing? >> reporter: we're hearing that up to 26 people have been killed, among them children in some violent shelling according to a doctor and on opposition person inside misrata. this is a city that is just 120 miles away. this would take us two to three hours' drive down the coastal highway here. it's not far. it's not hard to get to. the government here though, despite saying it sanctioned a cease-fire and an immediate cessation of military action hasn't provided transportation for us to go there, hasn't tried to show the international community how it is abiding by the cease-fire that it is talking about which tends to give the impression that the
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government is perhaps not as committed as it wants the international community to think that it is. that would be a track record that many people would recognize with libya, brooke. >> i know you had a pretty interesting conversation with moammar gadhafi's son saif when he called you. what did he say? >> reporter: last night i talked with one of his other sons, sadi gadhafi. he told me that the government was going to change its tactics, its military tactics. this he said was going to take place around the city of benghazi, a city that now president obama has said that the libyans must pull their troops all the way back from there and back from the neighboring town of ajdabiya. he was laying out a scenario for me on the phone, right as the un security council was about to vote. quite literally he called me at the length hour plus, plus,
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plus, to lie out this strategy. i don't know if he thought it would head off intervention or the un resolution. it seemed to lay out and meet some of the demands that the un was saying. the army wouldn't go into benghazi, they would stay outside and help civilianless, something that's been on the top of the un resolution here. civilians must be protected. that's what he was saying. i heard also earlier today that the whole gadhafi family is together. the other quote i heard about this family, the leadership family is they are in a lot of denial right now. that must be a troubling comment for many world leaders who are looking at the situation right now, brooke. >> nic, we've talked the last couple days, you've been working with some of the -- been observing, been filming some of the gadhafi forces there. so you've sort of gotten this inside look as to how sophisticated, how organized they are. are they highly sophisticated?
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>> reporter: certainly the weaponry they have at their disposeal is sophisticated weaponry. per capita t highest income of any country in africa. they have a lot of money and have spent a lot of money on military hardware. the way the army was laid out, shows not only can they buy some high technology equipment, but they know how to sort of organize an army in a way that you might see a professional army in europe or the united states whereby you have a front line, you have your heavy armaments laid out on the front line, and if you go back from the front line at the very back you have your ammunition held a good safe distance back from the front line, dozens upon dozens of trucks full of ammunition from ak-47s to tanks. then you have a space in your convoy, then you have your fuel resupply for all your vehicles, your tanks, so you can get that fuel to the front line fast and
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a space again and then trucks holding water, trucks holding food. this was sort of laid out in the battlefield as you would have expect it, the difference being discipline and coordination and command and control, not as you would see in a western army, certainly not that kind of ill disciplined fire -- >> nic robertson in tripoli. we'll have to see how they weigh against france and the uk and qatar and spain as we move forward. thanks to you, nic. i want to bring in wolf blitzer. i know you were watching, as we all were, hanging on the president's every word to see what direction he would take with regard to a statement on libya moments ago. let's watch together a portion of what he did have to say. >> if gadhafi does not supply with the resolution, the international community will impose consequences. the resolution will be enforced through military action. in this effort the united states is prepared to act as part of an
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international coalition. american leadership is essential, but that does not mean acting alone. it meansshaping the conditions for the international community to act together. >> wolf blitzer, i don't think the president could have been more clear how he emphasized the word part, the u.s. will act, part of the greater operation. why is that so significant? >> because he doesn't want the united states to act by itself. he wants nato allies directly involved. beyond that, he wants countries from the arab world directly involved. the u.s. would not go forward unless the arabs themselves, whether jordan, the united arab emirates, saudi arabia, some of the other arab countries that have large air forces, mostly u.s. planes, f 15s and 16s, unless they're directly involved, he didn't want the united states to be involved so gadhafi couldn't use this as american imperialism or whatever being directed against the
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libyan people. if the arabs are directly involved, european country, whether france, britain, italy or spain are directly involved, it makes it less of a propaganda scoring point for gadhafi, if you will. it's really critical. the point he made, he laid out four conditions that gadhafi has to accept right away, a cease-fire immediately, all attacks must stop. he has to pull back his troops, not only from benghazi where the rebels are headquartered right now. but he specifically mentioned several other towns. gadhafi has to leave those areas. he has to leave humanitarian assistance to come in. then the president said, these are not negotiable, these demands. he has to do this. otherwise, within a matter of -- it could be hours or days, this effectively will be a military action, some could even describe it as a war that this coalition will engage against moammar gadhafi and his troops. that helps to explain, brooke, why the president was in his own
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white house situation room within the past few hours briefing top members of the congress, the chairman and the ranking members of the various committees, according to the tradition of the war powers act, when the yunltd states goes to war -- effectively that's what the united states could be doing now -- you have to let the leadership of congress know what's going on. it's one of the after effects of vietnam, if you will. this is deadly serious for the u.s. the president says there's no decision he makes that's more important than sending young men and women into harm's way, and that's what potentially he's doing. let's not kid ourselves about it. >> absolutely. you mentioned meeting with members of congress in the situation room. i'll where speaking with congressman rogers about that meeting. i want to ask you about something that i know you're familiar with having covered the clinton white house through the '90s here. if libians are to be slaughtered, the president has to walk a very, very fine line
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between being passive and being aggressive. how, wolf, does that relate to during the clinton years and rwanda and the genocide? >> this president does not want to see a slaughter in libya on his watch, while he's in the oefl office, just as president clinton told all of us, and i traveled with him to rwanda in 1998, he knew -- they were bringing him reports, intelligence reports into the oval office in the mid '90s saying there's a genocide going on, the hewitt tus and tutsis in rwanda, hundreds of thousands are being slaughtered right now. what do you want to do about it? the president didn't do anything about it. he said he regrelts that. he regretted it deeply. when he went to rwanda in 1998, i remember he apologized to the people of rwanda. this president and certainly this secretary of state, hillary clinton who just came back from egypt and tunisia last night, they don't want to be accused in
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years to come, while you were in power, you could have done something but you didn't do anything and in the process thousands of people might have been killed. i know that moral issue weighs very, very heavily on president obama and secretary of state clinton. >> i know you spent the half couple days traveling with secretary of state clinton through north africa. we just learned she's be going to paris to speak with world leaders. do you think the message she'll be sending is the fact that the u.s., we're leaders, but we're not necessarily doers? >> right now the words are tough. the ultimatum has been imposed. the united nations security council passed a new resolution. if the u.s. and its partners don't follow up with action, that will advertise international impotence, if you will, and encourage people like gadhafi to go forward. that's the fear, i can assure you, what's going on in washington right now. i suspect there will be military
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action. i don't think gadhafi necessarily is going to back down. if he backs down cowardly and says, you know what, it's over, i'm getting red i do leave town and go have a party, i would be surprised. i don't think he's going to do that. i think he's going to fight. he's got mercenaries, his own military who are willing to do in libya what the egyptian military and the tunisian military refused to do, mainly kill fellow egyptians and tunisians. libya is a very different story right now. >> fairly sophisticated military as nic robertson has seen himself. wolf blitzer, i appreciate your perspective as always. thank you. now, listen to this -- >> i think we really need to call this what it is. we're going to war against libya. >> but the president says we're not sending any u.s. troops in to libya on the ground. so what does this really mean for the u.s.? as i mentioned a moment ago, i was speaking with congressman mike rogers, a republican from
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michigan. he was one of the few members of congress met with the president in the white house right before the president spoke in the east room. he's on the house intel committee. our conversation is next. sglfrnlths sglfrnlthsz ♪ ♪ ♪ [ male announcer ] with amazing innovation, driven by relentless competition, wireless puts the world at your command. ♪
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the president held a briefing with law make toers go over the role the u.s. with play with libya going forward. republican congressman mike rogers was part of the briefing in the situation room in the
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white house. congressman rogers, let me begin with who was in the room, who was in the situation room and who did most of the talking? >> well, it was the various committee chairs of the relevant committees and then their either minority or majority counterparts. intelligence and armed services, foreign affairs, those types of folks, the leadership was there. mr. boehner and ms. pelosi. so it was the leadership and the relevant committees in the room. >> who did more of the talking? was it the president speaking, was it secretary gates, secretary clinton? >> well, i mean the president gave some opening remarks and secretary clinton outlined what the situation was at the time. admiral mullen gave some of the more more military functionary
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issues along with secretary gates who laid out what the options were, what the possibilities were and where we were today. >> did anyone in that room, congressman, express any concern over what the president would be doing, what he would be saying, or was everyone in support of the mission? >> well, generally i think everyone was in support. i think senator lugar had some questions, and i don't really want to disclose what happened in a confidential meeting with the president and the secretaries. but at the end of the day, i think the president outlined exactly why this was important. for those of us who have been advocating for several weeks for a no-fly zone hopefully to get the result of a cease-fire which happened today, i was clearly eager to hear what his proposal us. i think at the end of the day you have to support the president in this particular case. i think the way he outlined it, he gave gadhafi a very set --
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very clear standards to meet, lest there be military action taken on behalf of a very international force including the arab league which is very unusual in a circumstance like this. >> i think the president made it very, very clear that the u.s. is playing a role in part of the operation, also spain, france, uk. one thing he did mention that the u.s. will not be doing, the u.s. will not be sending in group troops to libya. was that at all up for discussion or was that on the table? >> didn't hear anybody pushing for troops on the ground. the president said he was not going to support putting troops on the ground. think we were all in agreement that would have been a very bad idea. given what the circumstances are, i think if plan is a good one. we're joining with our european and arab league allies to enforce this no fly stoen to make sure gadhafi doesn't slaughter more people and go
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into benghazi, as he has said, house by house and would show no mercy, and we have equities of chemical and possible biological stockpiles that are there don't fall in the wrong hand. i think it's the right tempered approach to what is a very serious problem and have lots of countries bought into the solution. >> congressman mike rogers, i appreciate you sending a little color from inside the situation room. we'll keep watching what's happening in libya and bring you any late breaking developments as soon as they happen. but we're also getting word in right now that things are getting worse in the middle east. a state of emergency has just been declared in yemen and in bahrain, we showed you these pictures here. massive protests there. anti-government movement continuing. do you see the white monument there? the government now apparently has bulldozed it. it's significant, it's symbolic.
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the push and pull between governments and protests is heating up in the middle east. right now i'm talking about bahrain. it is again cracking down on the pro-democracy movement. also yemen is under a state of emergency after deadly clashes between anti-government protesters and police there. cnn's mohammed jam joon watching
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it. we know the anti-government movement has been happening for weeks. what's happening today and president saleh kalg for a state of emergency. what does that even mean? >> brook, the situation there deteriorating virtually by the hour. today tens of thousands of anti-government demonstrators in the capital, in sana'a, that's where so much violence happened earlier in the day. clashes between pro-government loyalists and anti-government demonstrators, we're told by eyewitnesss there that security forces started shooting into the crowd. at least 40 people, 40 anti-government demonstrators have been killed. that's according to doctors and medics at the scene. they expect that teth toll will rise. activists saying they expect it to be a massacre. the president saying he denied they had anything to do with it, he blamed it on clashes between the different factions of protesters and called for a state of emergency.
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clearly, the government very worried right now, the fact they're calling for the state of emergency and the fact is that president saleh refuses to step down even though more and more voices there are demanding he leave office. >> i know, mohammed, you've been in touch with the yemen embassy in washington. how are they reacting to this? >> i spoke to the spokesperson for yemen's embassy in washington, d.c., he expressed his condolences to the families of the victims. he said this was a deplorable act and said -- he basically called on the yemeni security forces to do all they could to make sure the perpetrators are brought to justice. brooke. >> want to switch gears and talk bahrain. similar to when the demonstrators gathered in tahrir square, you the epicenter there being pearl square. security forces tore down a monument there in pearl square which has become a symbol of anti-government protesting.
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do we know why that happened? >> it was incredible to see these images earlier today on bahraini television. the government through state media said this was in order to improve the infrastructure and help the flow of traffic in that part of town. we spoke to opposition figures there. we said this seems the government is trying to erase what happened in the history book. they said to bring down this symbol of the anti-government movement, that doesn't mean people will forget. clearly it seems the government is trying to make people forget, trying to erase this. the protesters we saw say they will continue this movement despite the symbol, what they consider to be a historic symbol has been wiped from the map of manama. >> they will continue to demonstrate. mohammed jamjoom, thank you so much. i know all of you are
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following the closely along with us, the nuclear crisis, how the level has been raised. what does that mean? we'll get an answer for you next. these here? they belong to men who got a silverado during chevy truck month. with a powertrain backed for 100,000 miles -- that's 40,000 more than f-150. qualified buyers get 0% apr financing for 72 months on all 2011 silverado half-ton models during chevy truck month. get your keys today. we're with you when you're saving for your dreams. [ woman ] when you want a bank that travels with you. with you when you're ready for the next move. [ male announcer ] now that wells fargo and wachovia have come together, what's in it for you? unprecedented strength, the stability of the leading community bank in the nation and with 12,000 atms and thousands of branches, we're with you in more ways and places than ever before. with you when you want the most from your bank. [ male announcer ] wells fargo. together we'll go far.
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water being sprayed on reactor number three at the nuclear plant crippled by the quake and tsunami. remember this is just one week ago here today. they're trying to cool the thing. that's one of the end goals here. there it is, number three. you see all the damage. we've got to keep this in mind. they still have problems at reactor number one. reactor number two and especially major problems at reactor number four. i'll go into that in a moment here. you also need to know this, today the japanese have raised their estimation of the danger of the crisis, raising it from number four to number five on the international scale of seven, seven was chernobyl, five was three mile island. why did the japanese raise the level now? we don't know. maybe robert alvarez does, joining me once again from washington from the institute for policy studies. robert, looking at the scale here, one through seven, do you
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have any idea why the japanese raised the number? >> i think this accident is actually in many respects worse than the three mile island accident because it involves several reactors that -- where they've not been able to provide adequate cooling, and there's a likelihood that the reactor cores are now at least undergoing at least partial meltdown and perhaps even more seriously there are the spent fuel pools in unit three and four. the chairman of the u.s. nuclear regulatory commission announced a couple days ago that the water was lost in pool of unit four and was likely catching fire. that is a very serious matter because there's nothing to contain the radioactivity that will be released if that spent
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fuel is ignited. >> let me get to that, because you and i were on the air when we heard from nrc chair greg yazco. the last we heard was the japanese was most worried about reactor number three. according to chair yazco it seems to be the u.s. worry, as you mentioned, the spent fuel rod storage pools, that there may be no water there. which poses the greater risk, number three or number four? >> i don't really know to tell the truth which causes the greater risk. but what i'm sure of is that the spent fuel in unit four is a very, very serious matter, and that i'm sure that, if the chairman of the nuclear
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regulatory commission made this statement, he was making a statement on behalf of the united states government, and i'm sure that they have been able to ascertain probably through thermal imaging with satellite technology what's really going on there. now, the spraying of water on unit three, it may have to do with the pool and not the reactor. that's not all clear. >> what we do know and in looking at this picture behind me, we've been talking a lot about the damage. a lot of people have been reporting that the damage has specifically been a result, not necessarily of the earthquake, but of the tsunami. but, in fact, today there's a report that one of the fuel rod storage tanks may, in fact, have been damaged by the earthquake. so that's new. i'm just curious, robert, what you would make of that, if it's earthquake damage, connect the dots here form us in united states, would that at all be relevant to the fact that we have reactors in the states are built on or very near fault
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lines? >> well, we don't know and we probably aren't going to know for maybe years from now or at least a year from now what caused what kind of harm to this -- to these reactors at fukushima. it's hard to say what damage the earthquake did, what damage the tsunamis did and then what damage the subsequent hydrogen explosions did. with respect to earthquake reactors in earthquake zones in the united states, i think it's highly advisable that we -- that these reactors undergo very serious scrutiny by the nuclear regulatory commission. and i believe that those reactors that are operating in these zones where we have historical evidence of major earthquakes, that if they are aged reactors at this time and are undergoing any process to extend their operating licenses,
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is that those processes be stopped. >> we laerd yesterday from the president in the rose garden. he said specifically he's asked the nrc to take a very close look at each and every one of those plants in united states. robert alvarez, always a pleasure to speak with you talking about this issue at fukushima daiichi. >> thank you for having me on. listen to this. >> translator: i have no words to express my feelings. i lost my mind. we will have to start from zero. >> starting from zero. that is what he has to do after he and his family returned home to find they lost everything. we'll take you there, tell his story as his family tries to clean up and figure out what to do next.    
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today marks one week after the devastating earthquake and tsunami hit japan. it's also a time of heartbreaking discoveries as families return to their ruined homes. one survivor or spoke to our own gary tuchman, it's like losing his mind, he says. >> reporter: this is what many families along japan's pacific coast are coming home to. the ichikawa family lives two blocks from the ocean where a wall of water devoured their neighborhood. with the help of friends they try to clean up, but the task they have in front of them appears to be overwhelming.
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you can see this family's house is off its foundation. how high did the water go? here is the waterline all the way up there, at least ten feet of water that came down this street. you can see the mud -- it's an insurmountable amount of mud to shovel just to clean up this driveway. they don't know if they'll be able to move back into this house. they want to clean up and get an idea if it's possible to move back. it's so cold right now. the snow has come down again. they've put together this portable heater unit so they're going to work into the night and not freeze. friends are helping them with the physical work and the psychological support. 17-year-old ren, his mother and father are in a state of shock. >> translator: i have no words to express my feelings. i lost my mind. we all have to start from zero. >> reporter: the nearby pacific provides one of the great charms of living in the neighborhood,
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but now many of the homes are disseminated. the ocean, they say, has turned against them. the city of hachinohe has built an enormous amount of money to build these sea walls, 30 feet tall to protect the neighborhoods from flooding. not surprisingly, when the tsunami came, the walls made very little difference. >> reporter: the family has no idea how to figure out if they can ever live in this house again. >> translator: this is a nightmare, but we are alive. >> reporter: and for that, they are grateful. gary tuchman, cnn, hachinohe, japan. you know what? gary has an amazing tweet i want to share with you. he tweeted this to american parents on ac 360, tell parents their children are missing in japan, we are happy to say we have found them. tonight on ac 360.
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now to this, the president said it yesterday twice, there is no radiation risk on the west coast right now. but the mayor of los angeles just held a press conference any way to reassure people who live there. i'll be speaking with him next. first we want to take a look, each and every week we take a look at people achieving extraordinary things. a former lichl pick chapel returned to his sport in a whole new role. >> reporter: four olympic gold meda medals, one silver, five gold championshipless and 47 national titles. greg louganis is one of the best divers ever. still he doesn't feel diving defines him. >> i started performing on stage when i was 3, singing, dancing, gymnastics, acrobatics and then
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diving -- diving is what everybody knows me from, but that was just another stage for me. >> reporter: he stunned fans during the 1988 seoul olympic games when he hit his head on the diving board. the next day he won a gold medal. louganis retired in 1988. years later the world learned he was hiv positive and had been the victim of abuse. yet for him none of this ranks as the biggest thing he had to over come in his life. >> probably the biggest obstacle for me i would have to say is my shyness. >> reporter: he says while diving gave him credibility and a platform to be heard, what he's most proud of is writing his book, "breaking the surface." >> people were coming to me saying you saved my life, whether it be about coming out about my hiv status, getting out of an abusive relationship, dealing with my sexuality, there
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were so many things that i shared in the book that i guess gave other people strength. >> reporter: now more than 20 years after retiring from diving, louganis is back, this time as a coach. and coach louganis emphasizing starting with the basic fundamentals like dance, gymnastics, acrobatics like he did. before ever attempting the difficult dives. >> my advice to that kid is be better than me. >> reporter: dr. sanjay gupta, cnn reporting. [ male announcer ] 95% of all americans aren't getting enough whole grain. but actually, it's never been easier to get the whole grain you want from your favorite big g cereals. from cheerios to lucky charms, there's whole grain in every box. make sure to look for the white check. i'm not just someone who's quitting
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you know, we here at cnn pour through video after video of the aftermath in japan. we or getting all kinds of amazing pictures from the tsunami. here is one. >> the driveer was sitting in the car filming this whole thing, i'm happy to tell you
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he's okay. the fact it's his voice speaking in japanese describing what's happened, that's how we know he survived. he said he didn't have any choice but to stay in his car and he keeps driving. when his car, like it is right now, it starts floating, he simply stayed inside until the water went down. amazing stuff there. also, now some of the other top stories. first, former haitian president jean-bertrand aristide arrived in haiti after several years in south africa. it comes after a critical run-off election. some officials worry aristide's presence might disrupt voting. the controversial budget law hit a snag. a judge issued a temporary restraining order today in was son. it curbs the power of unions, limits collective bargaining rights and sparked all kinds of outrage, like all the protesters there inside the capital.
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wisconsin governor scott walker championed the measure. he said he's confident the bill will become law. uncle sam will continue running for the next couple weeks. president obama signed legislation to keep the money flowing. the temporary spending bill funds the government through april 8th. the move delays a potential federal government shutdown while democrats and republicans are working hard to hammer out their differences and all their spending priorities. when we come back, we'll take you back to libya. >> he tell it is world that he has declared a cease-fire. misrata is on fire as we speak. he's bombing the city from three directions, from three directions bombs are coming into the city. >> bombing the city, over and over, you hear him saying, from three directions. misrata. we'll hear more from him. it is compelling stuff. that is next.
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president obama says libyan leader moammar gadhafi must stop his aggression immediately. the libyan government says it has imposed a cease-fire, but witnesses on the ground tell a much different story.
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i want you to listen to this. about to hear from a man who lives in the libyan city of misrata, will 120 miles away from the capital city of tripoli. here is what he told us here at cnn? >> the murderous dictator started shelling the city at 2:00 last night. he started shelling civilian areas and he will speak after me and we'll tell you about the civilian casualties from last night and more than 20 today. the dictator is telling the world that he has declared a cease-fire. misrata is on fire as we speak. he's bombing the city from three directions, from three directions. bombs are coming into the city, and he's bombing his way and shooting his way to the center of the city which he hasn't succeeded in doing. he's trying to take misrata at all costs. misrata is the last standing city on the west coast. he will try to take it today at all costs.
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he is killing people left and right. there is no cease-fire. please tell the world there is no cease-fire. he is killing people, civilians in misrata now! >> okay. and we will take a short break. we'll speak with the mayor of los angeles here in just a moment about some of these radiation fears hitting a little bit closer here on the west coast. be right back. client comes in and they have a box. and inside that box is their financial life. people wake up and realize. "i better start doing something." we open up that box. we organize it. and we make decisions. we really are here to help you. they look back and think "wow. i never thought i could do this." but we've actually done it. [ male announcer ] visit ameriprise.com and put a confident retirement more within reach.
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in misrata now!
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rather than taking anti-radiation pills california public health officials essentially people on the west coast to take a chill pill. today the first small radioactive particles from japan has hit southern california but keep in mind they are not considered dangerous. best estimates suggest the amount will be less harmful than a dental x-ray, so the biggest impact likely to be psychological, not necessarily medical, but people are still fearful. some people are overreacting, so i want to set the record straight here with los angeles mayor antonio villaraigosa. he'sin the phone here. mr. mayor, i know you just got out of an emergency preparedness meeting with city officials and i want to get to that in just a moment here. first, have you -- have any of those radiation detecting monitors detected anything in l.a. today. >> absolutely not. and, in fact, i had a briefing with the pre-eminent u.s. geological representatives, lucy
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jones who is here. earthquake expert, tsunami expert and also dr. fielding who is our public health director in los angeles county, and he made it very clear after being asked repeatedly, that as you said, there's more radiation in a dental x-ray or an airplane or living in a mile high city than there is currently here in los angeles, and we're asking the media to -- to please communicate that to people who, unfortunately, are fearful that -- that's not the case. >> so you're setting the record straight. i know we took the president live yesterday as he was speaking from the rose garden and actually reiterated, he said that the radiation levels will pose no threat along the west coast, guam, alaska, hawaii, and you here live on cnn are echoing
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that same sentiment. >> and i'm echoing it based on the assessment of our public health director here in l.a. county, dr. fielding, who was emphatic, emphatic, that there is no radiation effect at this time. >> now i know you did just come from this emergency preparedness meeting so that tells me that l.a. is doing something precautionary here. what is your city doing as you move forward? >> this press conference was some 25 or 30 representatives. it was held at our emergency operations center that we opened last year. early on i decided that we needed to have a state of the art emergency operation center, and we can do it. there aren't very many comparable anywhere in the united states, not for a anyway, and today we announced the development of an emergency management initiative which was a series of executive directives
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ensuring emergency planning and preparedness efforts are current and up to date. also, strengthening our emergency management department as the key city entity for emergency coordination and then clearly defining roles and responsibility for city employees and disaster service workers in the event of an emergency. all of our employees will be trained to act as disaster service workers, that we can employ in the event of a catastrophic event. >> okay. so they are prepared but you're not too worried is what i'm hearing you say. >> you know, we're very fortunate here in l.a. for a number of reasons. >> yeah. >> in addition to this emergency operation center which is state of the art. the county also has one. very comparable. we have a fire department and police department that are known around the country for their high-level standard of professionalism. >> right, i know, you've got
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some fine folks in l.a. before i let you go, just about the top of the hour. i want to ask, i do have a pretty large japanese population in california, in l.a. is the city doing anything at all special to help any of these people locate their loved ones in japan? just curious. >> actually it's the largest japanese-american population in the united states, and, yes, i was -- we're working and we raised money yesterday for the red cross where i was at a memorial service for hope for a brighter future for japan. yesterday in little tokyo, which is an area of the community with a large american-japanese population, we've been reaching out to them on a daily basis. i've been in constant communication with the consul general of japan here, so you're right, that certainly is. >> sure, i know it is, one of your priorities on the west coast. mayor antonio villagairosa,
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thanks so much for calling in and setting the record straight for all of us. talked about it yesterday and thought it was important to talk about it one more day. thank you, appreciate it. >> and now as we talk though, what's happening in japan and closer to home, the uncertain situation there at the nuclear power plant in japan has a number of people here in the u.s. if they could be living near a danger zone so you can actually find out. go to cnnmoney.com/nuclearplants, and you can take a look at what you're looking at there which is this interactive map that shows you the names of nuclear plants in your area, how old they are and who operates them. all you have to do is plug in your zip codes. pretty amazing and now, here we go. watch this. a frightening waiting game in libya, and japan races against the clock. we're all over these two breaking stories. i'm brooke baldwin, the news is now. it's going on right now.
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>> the libyan regime declares a crease fire and moments later witnesses report more bombings. >> he is lying. he is a lying war criminal. >> moammar gadhafi promises hell and warns all those who stand up against him, join me or face the consequences. but is he really giving up? the world waits and watches. japan, raising the threat level for its nuclear crisis. the radiation levels are still fluctuating, and survivors are now spending their eighth day facing a future of fear and uncertainty. find out what those nuclear workers are doing right now. also, we'll break down this new video of the plant damage frame by frame. the discoveries are revealing. >> welcome back. i'm brooke bald inn. more on the breaking developments out of libya. president obama says the u.s. will help lead the international enforcement of a no-fly zone over the country. meantime, the libyan government
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is claiming it's observing a cease-fire, but we here at cnn, we're getting reports from witnesses on the ground who live in misrata, a town near tripoli, that government attacks are increasing. remember that when you watch this video. this was taken in misrata just a couple of days ago. world disapproval is now coming to a head. libya has claimed that it's impose aggasiz fire. came just hours after the united nations security council 10-0 vote, five abstentions approving the no-fly zone over libya clearing the way for military action. countries like france and britain and spain are now discussions they have here if moammar gadhafi does not stop these attacks. also important, keep in mind, there are two arab nations. you have qatar, and you have the you ae, united arab emirates, they are reportedly supporting the international effort against gadhafi as well.
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also, world leaders will gather at a u.n. summit in paris tomorrow. sole topic for discussion, libya. more on that in just a moment here, but first i want to get to senior international correspondent nic robertson reporting for us out of tripoli. nic, i know we're hearing libya, moammar gadhafi is saying one thing and it's imposed a cease-fire. witnesses on the ground in misrata saying something very different so point blank is gadhafi lying? buying time, that's what it appears and judgment and we heard it from the deputy foreign minister last time, the judgment from the regime here is that they think the international community is not ready to enforce the no-fly zone and the portation of civilians here. they are saying one thing and one thing they have to get the time on the ground, misrata is one of them. the last thing this regime wants is another small pocket of opposition and essentially what they would see behind their lines. the same in the east of the
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country, ajdabiya, benghazi, would like to take control of that and like to close off benghazi and have the ground and control the highway east, and they think they have time to do this. that's the picture that's emerging from here. >> nic, i know you've been traveling the last couple of days with regard to what you've seen of gadhafi forces, military, ammunition. would a no-fly zone be enough to keep them from advancing towards the end game here, towards benghazi? >> a no-fly zone will have an impact and more of a psychological impact for the opposition because at least they will know they are not going to be bombed from above, but the reality is that the strength of gadhafi's forces are his forces on the ground and it's the heavy artillery, the capability to fire katyusha rockets, seen evidence of that in towns that have been taken, katyusha rockets fired from a distance,
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and these rockets assembly lined in a quite well-defined way. we've seen them landing in houses and schools, so if there are civilians in those buildings. if that's the way the weapons are being used, they are more or as destructive as bombs that are being fired, so -- so a no-fly zone doesn't -- doesn't impede the government's ability to use those types of weapons, so it's -- it's strikes that would take out armaments like that that -- that will be needed if the army here, gadhafi's army continues to fight on the ground despite see aggasiz fire, brooke. >> one more for you, and that is with the whole u.n. resolution. we know the international intervention can take place if citizens, if libyans are threatened, ie, perhaps, according to some of these reports out of misrata or forces opening up in ajdabiya. if and when that happens will that simply be an opportunity for gadhafi to ramp up his rhetoric about unifying libya,
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and how will that be felt among the rest of the country? >> sure. any international intervention here, be it an air strike, this is something that gadhafi will use. he's laid out the groundwork over the past few weeks saying, look, what the rebels are doing is trying to invite the international community to come in and join them. this is a throwback to the days of -- of the colonialist days here. italy's colonialism and the united states presence in the country. before that, and this is how gadhafi rose to power back in the late '60s when he came to power. he came in and he was seen as somebody who was able to essentially throw out the last remaining presence of the united states, closed down the air bases here and the same with the italians. that's the reputation here, and what they are saying is without me, this is all going to come back, so the first air strikes that come in here, he'll say that this is the international community coming in, colonizing. this is the fault of the rebels.
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you need me to stop it. you need me to unify the country. these other people are just going to divide the country, so that is what we'll see very likely, brooke. that's what we hear. >> nic robertson live in tripoli, nic, thank you. and president obama speaking just a short time ago about libya specifically and he made not just one but two things very clear. number one, he said that the u.s. will support a no-fly zone, and number two, he said the u.s. is not going to deploy ground troops to libya, so what specifically will the u.s. role be as we move forward? i want to bring in white house correspondent dan lothian here. dan, it was very clear to me that the president reiterated the fact that the u.s. is playing a part, not necessarily the leading force, but a part of this operation going forward. >> reporter: that's right. first of all, the president is spelling out that the u.s. is prepared to take mltd action, but that's also in conjunction with those international partners, great britain, also france, the arab league. this administration wants to be very clear in showing that this is an international partnership
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there, that the u.s. is not going it alone. very mindful of the fact of the potential criticism from other countries, that this is the united states invading another arab country, so they want to make it clear. you heard the president in his remarks today several times talk about how the u.s. is not going in there alone, but clearly the u.s. and its partners are saying that gadhafi has had ample warning, that it's time for him to enforce this cease-fire, for him to pull back from benghazi, pull out of some of these other cities and also restore power, electricity, water, to places that have been cut off, and then the president, of course, making it clear that none of this is negotiable, brooke. >> you know what else he also pointed out is what the u.s. will not do. he said the u.s. will not send in troops on the ground in libya, and he said, and i'm quoting, not going to use force to go beyond the well-defined goals, specifically the protection of the libyan citizen. do you think the president wasn't speaking to libya but to
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the world populace in general say saying this is a protection mission, not necessarily a removal operation. >> of course, especially to some of those liberals who aren't necessarily happy about the u.s. getting engaged militarily in another country. yes, the president was talking to the american people and also giving them a reason for why the u.s. believes that they should be involved and engaged in libya, why libya matters, the president pointing out that if left unchecked that gadhafi could commit atrocities against his own people, that it could lead to a humanitarian crisis and could be destabilizing in the region, and so that's why the u.s. in partnership with the international community feels that military force might be necessary in order to -- to enforce that no-fly zone and get libya to comply are the u.n. resolution. >> dan lothian, live at the white house. dan, thank you so much. the crisis in libya taking center stage tomorrow at a summit in paris, and the central question there will be this. how should world leaders
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respond? and which countries will take part? cnn's jim bitterman reporting from france. >> reporter: the meeting which is being called at the behest of french president nicolas sarkozy is likely to be the last political diplomatic discussion before the military takes over. that is what french foreign minister alain juppe hinted at earlier after coming out of a meeting with the prime minister's office and other members of the government and national assembly who were briefed about what the government's plans are for the military attacks. juppe said all is in readiness. as well, it will be quite a high-level meeting apparently because u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton is going to come back for this meeting. she was just here earlier in the week. secretary-general of the u.n., ban ki-moon, is going to be here as well as the secretary-general of the arab league. moammar gadhafi's promise to institute a cease-fire is not being taken very seriously here. in fact, a spokesman for the french foreign ministry says it doesn't change a thing.
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>> jim bitterman for us in france. thank you, jim. now, listen to this. >> doom was in the air. everyone felt that it was the end. >> this is the first time we are actually hearing an eyewitness account, from someone talking about the first hydrogen explosion within that nuclear plant in japan. it reveals a lot more about the dire and dangerous situation there, plus, japan now has risen its nuclear crisis level, so we're going to find out what that means for survivors and those plant workers still risking their own lives inside. we've got a live report next. mi. uncovering hotel freebies like instant discounts, free-nights... ...and free breakfast at hotels in virtually every city. so, thanks to this large man in a little jetpack... you can search thousands of hotel freebies... right now only at priceline.
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my money. my choice. my meineke. want you to hear this. definitely caught our eye, first eyewitness account of the hydrogen plant inside the fukushima daiichi power plant from a pharmacist evacuating bed-ridden patients near the plant last saturday. here he was >> translator: he says it felt like a blast from a huge drum being pounded. he says it wasn't a nuclear explosion but everyone felt the wave. he says the air blast lasted for a second and then doom was in the air. everyone felt that it was the end. he says things were falling to the ground like ashes of death, but they were actually fragments
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of heat insulation. he evacuated patients who were crying that it was the end. >> you know, we keep getting those kind of eyewitness reports. also amazing pictures coming into us here from cnn from the earthquake and tsunami. imagine you're standing under this crane, folks. this is a crane obviously swaying a little bit here. got to watch closely. this is during friday's quake. the crane is 35 stories tall. now watch this. so this is the perspective of a driver in the car as a tsunami wave kind of comes crashing over him as he's driving. he know he's okay. in fact, we know that because this is his voice listening to describing how he survive. he says he didn't have any choice but to stay in his car and keep driving, and if you keep watching the video with me,
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can you see the waves there. he starts to float in his car, and he just stayed in the car until the water went down. he was able to drive on. all of this exactly one week after the quake hit. a moment of silence across japan today. >> more than 10,000 people are still missing after last friday's earthquake and tsunami. another 6,900 are confirmed dead. that is more than were killed in the great hanshin earthquake. 6,400 people died in that quake which hit kobe, japan, back in 1995. and now i want to take you straight to tokyo, live to martin savidge. martin, we've been talking a lot about the fukushima daiichi power plant, and we know japan raised the nuclear threat level here. can you just explain to me what that really means? >> reporter: right, brooke. this is something called the international nuclear and radiologic event scale.
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it's a scale that runs from 1 to 7. 1 being the low part and 7:00 the cher noble and what they decided to do is raise the event up there at fluke somea from a 4 to a level 5. what does that mean? essentially use their terminology it means that the event has broader consequences. there is the chance for significant public exposure, and, of course, we already know there's been damage to the core. now actually it should be cores because we're talking about six nuclear reactors out of that site. not just one of them. the reason it went up today, not so much that they think something terrible happened today. it is cumulative, and this is kind of a lagging indicator, but they did fly a helicopter over the facility today, and when they did that, they had a much better view of what was happening on the ground and realized it's as bad as they feared so that's why they raised the level here. meantime tonight, they have continued their routine of using the new fire trucks that have been brought in, from the city of tokyo. they are meant to fight fires in high rise buildings. they have an extremely long
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reach, and this way they hope to spray water in the areas that need to be cooled, while trying to keep distance for the fire fighters to keep them protected from the levels of radiation. they stop every now and then, back the trucks out and then allow other crews to go in that are trying to work on attaching electricity, bringing in generators, because they hope by turning the power back on at the power plant they can get the main pumps going. that would go a long way to at least help stabilize things. nobody knows for sure, brooke, in those pumps work. they were hit by a tsunami, and then they were blasted by the hydrogen explosions out there. nobody has any guarantees, but they are trying everything they can. >> nobody knows, an perhaps no one knows here with regard to the long-term plan, marty, in dealing with these reactors. is there even a long-term plan yet? >> no. there really isn't. i mean, a number of ideas are being talked about. what will you do once you get it controlled? it could be that if you stabilize it enough, that you
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can slowly cool this reactor down, all the reactors and begin to shut them down completely, but even after that point you'll have to do something. some have talked about maybe they will try a chernobyl effect which is essentially to try to bury the reactors. there's more than one and these are above ground. it won't be like the one in ukraine. we'll have to see exactly. right now they are focused on let's just try to prevent the disaster. the long term is still something for somebody else to consider another day. >> martin savidge for us live in tokyo. marty, thank you. we've been telling you each and every day sort of how these reactors were. we've been getting into the weeds because you're engaged and intelligent and want to know. coming up next here, we're actually getting our first up-close look at the plant, the actual damage. a nuclear engineer is back in the studio studying some of the video frame by frame and he'll walk us through what he found when we found it startling and we're back in 70 seconds. the master suite has two walk-in closets
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back to japan and the nuclear crisis. back with us, prf sore, expert, nuclear engineer university of michigan. good enough to have you here. what's happening at the nuclear power plant and you took some time i know to go through some video here to analyze it today, and if everyone remembers here, these are the pictures we took and showed you yesterday about the time, about this time yesterday, when we were on the air. they were the first close-up pictures we were getting at some of the nuclear reactor sites, and this is our closest look yet here, and this part is important. this video was shot on wednesday but i want you to look right away at something that caught our eye. watch this. we're pretty sure here that this is reactor number one, right, so
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this is reactor number one. we've frozen the image and, gary, tell me what exactly you're looking at here. >> looking at mainly the top of reactor unit number one. over on the right-hand side is where the edge of the building s.there is a -- a small orange image in this area right here, and -- and there's some question as to what that might be. it's very near to the edge of the building. it looks to be about ground level, and the dimensions are small, a foot size or something like that. >> so you're saying with a bit of an orange glow. >> here it is right here. you can see it better. >> oh, right here. >> that one right there. >> right there. >> so if, gary, if this is fire, how dangerous could this be? >> well, we're trying to figure out what it was, and the edge of the building appears to be about here. this looks like part of the building wall, and it looks to be at ground level so the react or is going to be over here. >> far enough away from the
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nuclear reactor not to cause massive panic. >> right, but we don't know what that is. >> okay. let's look here and pull up react actor number three and specifically the focus of the japanese focus here and we saw smoke and some steam. what does this picture tell you right here? >> this was number three damage the by a hydrogen explosion on monday, i believe, and there is steam coming out on the side, on this side, and that's likely from the spent fuel pool. >> okay. >> and if anything, that's probably of a bit of a positive sign because if there's steam it means there's water and so there's some water in that spent fuel pool which i've been saying very important to keep those rods come. >> how much we don't know yet. okay, guys. next image. this is going to be reactor number three and some -- some gaping holes here. let me erase this for us. reactor number four. know we've talked a lot about the spent fuel rod ponds here,
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and what do you see in this image? >> again, this is the top of the reactor here where the most damage has occurred. >> okay. there's what appears to be a hole in the side. this is the south-facing side of the reactor. >> i moved the whole thing. >> here we go. that's okay. actually -- >> i'll use my finger off. >> now you can draw. okay. >> there you go. >> you're welcome. >> that's the hole and that's on the same side as the steam was coming out in number three, so -- so it's a bit of conjecture. >> what do you mean by that, connect the dots. >> the dots may be that this is also spent fuel pool induced pool, perhaps a hydrogen explosion, we don't know, but sort of consistent with that idea being on the same side. >> help me just quickly before we talk criticality. this is one of the buildings and this is within this you have the nuclear reactories were inside the containment vessel and on the upper level this is where those, helping me understand where it is, so the spent fuel rod ponds are up here somewhere. >> that's right. >> they are right about in this area right in here in terms of
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an elevation. >> okay. now to the fourth and final question here. re criticality, something i've read up. explain as best as you can. what does that mean? >> sure, recriticality is the resumption or startup of the fission chain reaction process, and there's concern that ear in the reactor and spent fuel pools, even though the reaction should be shut down, it can become recritical again and that means the fission process occurs, release of neutron and energy. in the spent fuel pools that's prevented by the racks that the fuel fits into. it's full of boron which absorbs the neutrons and prevents that from occurring. >> boron is the good stuff. >> and the water should be borated, that also helps. >> okay. >> in it runs dry, that's not going to be a recriticality because you need water for criticality, so it's really unlikely that could occur. the only way we can postulate
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that recriticality occurs is if you lose all the boron and have the bare fuel sitting in water. it's pretty unlikely, but that answers -- that's at least one scenario. >> one of the reasons why we're hearing reports of why they are bringing in tons and tons and tons of boron. >> we'll do boron another day. you've been amazing, thank you so much for explaining this all to us, i think we're all fascinated in wishing them the best. now, let's go back to libya. let's listen to this. >> we need to call this what it is and we're going to war against libya. >> a no-fly zone changes the entire game in libya. foreign militaries, they are watching and waiting to see what moammar gadhafi could possibly do next but if the regime breaks the cease-fire, does one country strike? >> we're going to break down that possibility? also developing right now east of libya, have you a state of emergency declared in yemen. blood is spilling, tens of thousands filling the streets in protesting their government. we're back in 70 seconds with
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"globe trekking." hala gorani next.
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now i want to get you back to what's happening in libya. more violence reported there today even as gadhafi's foreign minister announced its immediate halt to military action hours after the u.n. approved a no-fly zone. hala gorani is here with me, and i know -- i want to ask you about the so-called cease-fire. >> right. >> what this really means, and then what other countries are involved here with the u.s. as we go forward in this effort. >> right, well, we heard from the u.s. president a little bit earlier regarding the no-fly zone. several times he's said that this was an international initiative, that this is a cooperative effort. the u.s. is not going at it alone. it's already spread thin, as everyone knows in afghanistan,
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and still in iraq. he mentioned france, the united kingdom and the arab league, importantly, because arab countries are now through the arab league for the first time really joining militarily western countries to try to solve a problem in another arab country. even if it's symbolic, brooke, this is very important, because the perception is that whatever that arab country, is we believe possibly qatar, possibly the uae, jordan has said no, but other countries in the gulf say we are going to take part in all of this, but symbolically it's extremely important. the question is when because you mentioned a cease-fire that was announced but musa kusa, the libyan foreign minister. our crews on the ground, witnesses who spoke to cnn, said misrata is on fire. seeing dead people according to medical sources in eastern libya so there is still violence >> that's the big question now. >> when and who? >> when and who. >> well, it's been over the last
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few days made clear by france that they are going to take part, a leading role, the uk prime minister said british tornado and typhoon jets are being positioned right now, moved into place to take part in a no-fly zone. several countries are now coming out and wanting to make sure they don't sort of rattle anybody or anything and stay out of it and stay neutral. interestingly malta. you remember malta is the mediterranean island where so many of the evacuees left libya when the troubles started. malta said, wait a minute, we won't be used as a base to enforce the no-fly zone so you have diplomatic and strategic positions of jets, militarily some positioning of key elements to enforce the no-fly zone and every country that is somehow directly or indirectly involved with this effort making statements as to how involved they want to be. >> and then you have yemen. i spoke with mohammed jamjoom covering that for us, 40 deaths in the last 24 hours. >> let me tell you something. we were watching some video that came in morning and also poring
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over the still images, and can you clearly see what kind of injuries killed these people, an some of the protesters were shot in the head. i would say a majority of the still images, too graphic for us to show our viewers right now, were of protesters shot in the head. these are not, cannot be, as the government is saying, shots fired in the air. these people were targeted. they were targeted to -- to the shooters targeted to kill them, so -- so the question is why is the government now going ahead in yemen and increasing the intensity of the violence against the protesters and some say, look, if they believe they can get away with w it, that they will not speak up in defense of the pro-democracy activities. they will go ahead and do it, the president, as you mentioned before the commercial break, state of emergency, but right now we're seeing horrific images out of yemen and that's a crisis unfolding for weeks and weeks now. >> the middle east. not quiet at all lately >> i hope we have an opportunity on monday to speak of syria
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because syria might just be the next frontier. >> next one. seen very small protests but very rare protests take place today. hala gorani. thank you, as always here and on top of the violence in, yemen and in libya, another country is in turmoil right now. let me set scene for you. the government in bahrain made a dangerous move. basically bulldozing the area where the protesters have been speaking out. going live to mohammed jamjoom who just got kicked out of bahrain. we'll be right back. [ woman ] welcome back, jogging stroller. you've been stuck in the garage, while my sneezing
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monuments are meant to mark memories but what happens when a government doesn't like the memories. they tear down the monument. this pile of metal that you're looking at here used to be a monument at the center of pearl square, but became an important symbol of pro-democracy protests in bahrain. cnn's mohammed jamjoom was in bahrain until just about this time yesterday when he was excourted out. he's now live in dubai. mom, has the government of bahrain explained why it demolished this monument? >> reporter: the government, brooke, did issue a statement on the bahraini news agency, and -- and it was a very interesting. they said they removed the monument in order to improve the infrastructure there in the capital to help with the flow of traffic, among other reasons that were given. that's a very strange thing to say when this is a monu, as you said, that has become a symbol of the uprising there, for the protests that have been going on
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for the past month, and it just makes one wonder if the government didn't think by removing this it would remove the revolutionary zeal or spirit that the protesters had there. brooke? >> can we just back up and just big picture here why is this monument so significant, and what role has it or perhaps pearl square played in these anti-government demonstrations? >> pearl round about is where the majority of the anti-government demonstrations have happened over the past month. starting february 14th, in bahrain, and that's where thousands of people were gathering, most of them shiite protesters. it became a very symbolic place when i was there just a couple of days ago. that's where the violent crackdown occurred after -- after the forces of the gulf cooperation council entered, just a couple of nights before that into the country. it's -- it's a place that has become a sim balance for bahrainis of this uprising that was going on.
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so it's an important symbol for those bahrainis for that pro-democracy movement that's going on there, for the anti-government movement going on there as well and what's interesting to be seen now is since they cleared the area and taken the monument down, will people be able to come out and demonstrate? >> will they, yes or no? >> the opposition indicates that they will and one of the opposition members who we spoke with earlier in the day actually said that this is a very stupid move on the part of the bahraini government because they are not going to be able to remove the memories or cleanse the memories of what happen there and they believe people will come out and demonstrate in the streets. >> mold, thank you so. now, listen to this. >> reporter: against the most serious forms of radiation, such as gamma radiation, there's really hardly anything you can do. >> from masks to haz-mat suits, how people are protecting themselves from radiation all across japan. dr. gupta will walk me through the risks and threats coming
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you know, we've reported today, in fact this afternoon, that the city of sacramento has been able to quantify and detect just a small amount of radiation that has come in from that nuclear power plant way across the ocean over in japan, but i want to update you because we're hearing from the environmental protection agency, a spokesperson telling us it has found no increase in radiation levels at all, contradicting what the comprehensive test ban treaty says they found in sacramento. wanted to let you know about that. meantime, want to take you back to japan though, as the country is raising the crisis level at
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its damaged nuclear power plant and workers there. they are still frantically trying to avert a meltdown, possibly meltdowns, and some evacuees fleeing the danger zone are not surviving. details now from our own dr. sanjay gupta. >> reporter: brooke, obviously the big news today talking about the classification of this nuclear accident. on a scale of 1 to 7, they are classifying this as a 5. a little bit of context. chernobyl was a 7, but this now puts it on par with what happened at three mile island, saying this is a nuclear accident with widespread consequences. the workers, brooke, in this plant, we've talked about this before, but, again, they are still working literally around the clock trying to put out fires, handle explosions, turn valves, all with very little protection. there's not much that they can protect themselves with as far as the most dangerous form of radiation, these gamma rays, so the radiation levels we know
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spiked on friday after the last 12 hours, 14 hours, but the workers themselves are probably being exposed to higher levels of radiation. they are trying to control that radiation. obviously the evacuations continue around these plants. in fact a heartbreaking story, brooke, these elderly people being evacuated from hospitals and nursing homes and taken to these evacuation centers, but some of them aren't even making it on the bus ride to the evacuation center. literally people are dying on the buses and because of the abysmal conditions, because of the cole and because of the lack of basic supplies, and some of these people dying even after they got to the evacuation center. why it is that some of the basic supplies, which are here in country, food, water, blankets, medications aren't getting to the people who need it most, is still a little bit of a mystery. some of these roadways are very difficult to traverse, for sure, but at this time there are people in tremendous need, especially along the northeast part of japan, who simply aren't
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getting the supplies that they real want. all of this, obviously, compounded by anxieties about radiation. now, there is a dust cloud, a plume that people have been talking about. it's unclear where exactly it's going to travel. it's literally dependant on wind patterns. some say it will head sords the arctic circle. nonetheless, screenings have begun in u.s. airports, screening the airplanes and cargo and screening the mail and screening the passengers as well. it's likely we'll get screened when we eventually get back to the states, but so far no harmful levels of radiation have been found. certainly nothing that would be life-threatening, but, brooke, a lot going on here. again that earthquake and tsunami, the cold weather and all those anxieties about radiation, that all continues. brooke, back to you. >> sanjay, doing an amazing job. thank you so much. don't forget to catch sanjay's special coverage this weekend, both saturday and sunday, at 7:30 in the morning, eastern time. also, 4:30 p.m. saturday afternoon from japan.
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and president obama making a vital decision about libya, speaking today and sending a clear message, not just to libya, but to the rest of the world. coming up next, you're going to hear from a republican who is inside the room, inside the situation room with the president, before he spoke to the nation. you will want to hear this. stay here. big deal is on a mission for priceline. uncovering hotel freebies like instant discounts, free-nights... ...and free breakfast at hotels in virtually every city. so, thanks to this large man in a little jetpack... you can search thousands of hotel freebies... right now only at priceline.
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right now we're going to listen. this is the libyan deputy foreign minister, live what's happening on libyan television calling for, angie what, did he say, international observers to come to libya. let's just listen in. >> this is briefly an announcement for today. >> okay. so from i got there, the quick headline from the libyan deputy
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foreign minister is the fact that the government there is calling for international observers to come to libya, to make sure the cease-fire that moammar gadhafi has apparently said is happening is in fact happening and this is in stark, stark contrast to some of the reports we're getting on the ground, specifically out of misrata and other cities, where the violence continues, the bombing continues and that's what we just heard from the government out of libya. now, as we talk here about libya, we heard from the president just this afternoon. he held a briefing at the white house with lawmakers actually before he spoke to the nation, and they spoke about essentially the u.s. role moving forward in libya, so within the situation room leaders from both the house and the senate, leaders. intelligence, armed services and foreign affairs committee, all in this room, backing up the president and defense secretary robert gates, also secretary of state hillary clinton and joint chiefs chairman admiral mike mullen. republican congressman mike
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rogers was also at the briefing, an here's what he told me. did anyone in that room, congressman, express any concern over what the president would be doing, what he'd be saying, or was everyone in support of the mission? >> well, i mean, generally i think everyone was in support. i think senator lugar had some questions, and i don't really want to disclose what happened, you know, in a confidential meeting with the president and the secretaries, but at the end of the day i think the president outlined exactly why this was important, and for those of us who have been advocating for several weeks for a no-fly zone, hopefully to get the result of a cease-fire which happened today, you know, we were -- i was clearly eager to what his proposal was, and i think at the end of the day have you to support the president in this particular case. i think the way he outlined it and with -- he gave gadhafi a very set -- a very clear standards to meet, lest there be
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military action taken on behalf of a very international force, including the arab league, which is a very unusual in a circumstance like this. >> the president made it very, very clear that the u.s. is playing a role in part of the operation, members of the arab states, you know, spain, france, uk, for example, but one thing he did mention that the u.s. will not be doing is that the u.s. will not be sending in ground troops to libya. was that at all up for discussion during this meeting, or that was entirely off the table? >> i didn't hear anybody pushing for -- for troops on the ground, and the president said he was not going to support putting troops on the ground, and i think we were all in agreement. that would have been a very bad idea, so i think given what the circumstances are, i think the plan is a good one. we're joining with our european and arab league allies to -- to enforce this no-fly zone, to make sure that gadhafi doesn't slaughter more people and go into benghazi as he has said house by house and would show no
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mercy, and we have equities in knowing that the chemical and possible biological stockpiles that are there don't fall in the wrong hands, so i think it's the right tempered approach to what is a very serious problem and have lots of countries bought into the solution. >> so the next 24 hours specifically will be very critical in libya. will the world move in? will the world attack the gadhafi regime if the violence on the ground doesn't stop. wolf blitzer covered the middle east for years and years, and we eel get his opinion as to what could happen next coming up. in a lab. ♪ in a living room. we have lift-off. on a stage. [ jimi hendrix "foxy lady" intro ] in a garage. [ guys cheering ] and now... at the end of a power cord. introducing the extended range electric volt from chevrolet.
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president obama says american troops will not be going into libya. he could not have made that more clear and now the world is watching to see if moammar gadhafi will continue violence against his own peep. way tonight bring in wolf blitzer. some of the headlines here that we've been listening in to libyan state television and the deputy foreign minister speak. a couple of quick headlines. calling for international observers to come to libya, to make sure that the cease-fire that gadhafi is apparently called for, and to make sure it's happening. he's also specifically called out the french president, calling out nicolas sarkozy saying he should have come to
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libya to observe versus, you know, leading the call for the no-fly zone, and one other thing, he said there are gadhafi forces armed outside of benghazi. rebel stronghold of benghazi, but they are not going in. what do you make of all of that? and is that a direct response to president obama speaking? >> certainly a direct response, not only to president obama but the united nations security counts. i'm sensing there's a desperation in tripoli right now surrounding gadhafi. he may not know what's going o.gadhafi, maybe some of his sons aren't very familiar. i heard nic robertson telling us earlier, they may be in denial, but i think some of the other people like this bureaucrat, this deputy foreign minister, like some of the others being forced to go out there and speak, i think they see the handwriting on the wall that it's over for all practical purposes for gadhafi. he may not know it yet, but pretty soon he'll appreciate what's going on. whether it takes another day or two or three for military action to begin. >> yeah.
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>> it's going to happen sooner rather than later. you'll hear more about this in the next hour. susan rice, the u.s. ambassador to the united nations, always outspoken. she'll be here in "the situation room." we've got good questions to those. >> look forward to hearing the responses to those questions. wolf pulitzer, thanks so much. got to take a quick break. be right back.
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want you to take a look at something, the uncertain situation at japan's damaged nuclear plant has hundreds of people in the u.s. wondering if they live near a darker zone. here's where you can find this, go to cnnmoney.com/nuclearplants. just plug in your zip code, and it will show you, an interactive map showing the names of any nuclear plants closest to you, how old they are and who operates them. quickly here, want to remind you here tonight, cnn, 9:00 p.m. eastern. pierce morgan will be live from london with special coverage. unfolding situations, both in japan and

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CNN March 18, 2011 3:00pm-5:00pm EDT

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TOPIC FREQUENCY Libya 54, Gadhafi 28, Moammar Gadhafi 12, Benghazi 11, France 10, Bahrain 9, Misrata 8, Yemen 8, Tripoli 8, Japan 6, Los Angeles 6, Nic Robertson 6, L.a. 6, Spain 6, United Nations 5, U.n. 5, Fukushima Daiichi 5, Rwanda 5, Nic 5, Clinton 5
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